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"Pathophysiology of Acute Inflammation"


Pathophysiology of Acute Inflammation

Pathophysiology of Acute Inflammation Vascular changes Vasodilation earliest manifestations increased flow: heat, redness Cellular events: The journey of leukocytes from vessel lumen to interstitial..
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pages: 47   size: 5.9MB    md5: 2bbd295bd086bfcdcd4bfd672aab325c    
Pulmonary Pathophysiology Inadequate blood flow to the lungs
.. unoxygenated hemoglobin, it has a dark red-blue color which gives skin a characteristic bluish appearance. Most cases arise as a result of peripheral vasoconstriction result is reduced blood flow..
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pages: 63   size: 376KB    md5: 2d0aa59cdea5dae36c2bd1628592f181    
Cardiac Pathophysiology Pericarditis
.. compression cardiac tamponade If development is slow, pericardium can stretch If develops quickly, even 50 -100 ml of fluid can cause problems When pressure in pericardium = diastolic pressure, g..
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pages: 64   size: 2.0MB    md5: 1f87959b3b617b216ac5f713d5e270c9    
Pathophysiology Wayne E. Ellis, Ph.D., CRNA
.. aortic media -Aortic dissections are caused by an intimal tear that progresses to a separation of layers of the aortic wall, creating a false lumen that runs parallel to the true lumen. -This usu..
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pages: 44   size: 378KB    md5: 6bc49c94236a0d3ecfd216d34cac6a8d    
Cardiac Pathophysiology Pericarditis
.. cardiac tamponade filling of right atrium, filling of ventricles, cardiac output circulatory collapse. Outcome depends on how fast fluid accumulates. Pulsus paradoxus B.P. higher during expiratio..
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pages: 79   size: 2.9MB    md5: 4ca3d51a42ddaa2008dd01defd1da249    
.. on the origin of migraine involves central sensory dysmodulation within the brainstem. Brainstem Dysfunctions in Migraine: Deficient Filtering of Peripheral Sensory Inputs Brainstem dysfunction m..
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pages: 43   size: 10.4MB    md5: 9400232e8a44c6101fee4968445cbc8c    
Neurological Pathophysiology Increase in tissue mass that ..
.. types: TIAs Stroke-in-evolution Completed stroke Thrombus formation Atherosclerosis Arteritis Hypertension Vasospasm Other: Hypotension Anemia Polycythemia Ophthalmic branch of internal carotid a..
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pages: 98   size: 3.8MB    md5: a6aa250797dc9dcbff7fa1ace0ac246d    
Acute and Chronic Inflammation
.. and assembly of cytoskeletal contractile elements 2O 2 + NADPH -rad + NADP + H (NADPH oxidase) O + 2H H May or may not utilize a specific cell surface receptor for activity May also signal target..
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pages: 52   size: 78KB    md5: 4153168ca2f18f2c11f32765d23cebc9    
Pathophysiology of the Peripheral Nervous System
.. Invasion of basement membrane facilitated by matrix metalloproteinases, NO radicals, other mediators Axons suffer bystander damage Hypothesis #2 Antibodies are created against bacterial/viral ant..
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pages: 65   size: 1.3MB    md5: 8ae506d916f40ef242b18fe91a9817d4    
Diabetes, Anemia and Chronic Kidney Disease
.. CKD (Thorp et al 2006) and up to 50% of patients with stage 3 5 CKD may have anaemia (McClellan et al 2004). Anaemia is associated with significant mortality and morbidity in patients with CKD; h..
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pages: 66   size: 2.9MB    md5: c8bfe497d686631297b54ca1236d1871    
Gastroenterology Sections General Pathophysiology, ..
.. esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm May incarcerate, strangulate to the point of causing a severe GI bleed Esophageal Varices Cause Portal Hypertension Chronic alcohol abuse and liver cirrhosis In..
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pages: 92   size: 1.8MB    md5: 99babf8da2c14ece8178e392a0d9f0de    
Pathophysiology of Osteoarthritis Faith Dodd
.. OA synovial fluid Proinflammatory cytokines TNF- and IL-1 appear to be the major cytokines involved in OA Other cytokines involved in OA are: IL-6, IL-8, leukemic inhibitory factor (LIF), IL-11, ..
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pages: 42   size: 6.8MB    md5: fa8fc7d24fa15e85425df2cb1b5d6ced    
Pathophysiology of Diabetes Objectives
.. combinations of oral therapy to treat diabetes need to be found to achieve this target Combination therapy used when monotherapy fails Combination With Insulin Insulin therapy, or Insulin therapy..
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pages: 88   size: 3.2MB    md5: 97c4f71a60bec5550b2ac76fb395a738    
Acute Abdomen: Surgical Education Series
.. of the SMA Occlusion of the SMA Source Embolic (>50%) Venous, Atherosclerotic (thrombotic), NOMI Chronic Mesenteric/intestinal angina 30-60 minutes post eating Voluntary anorexia/wt loss Acute (>..
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pages: 55   size: 1.5MB    md5: 3e67cf0d9fcc538f81371d30fa8e345e    
Acute abdomen
.. high With low ileal obtsruction, the vomitus is feculent (orange-brown in color with a foul odor Obstipation and the failure to pass gas by rectum (indicating complete obstruction) Roentgenograph..
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pages: 17   size: 337KB    md5: 69f557b55899f8380c21cc37e9ab6969    
Acute Appendicitis Acute appendicitis is thought to begin ..
.. allow C.difficile to flourish However any atbx can lead to C.difficile Complications: severe electrolyte imbalance, hypotension, anasarca from low albumin, toxic megacolon, bowel perforation Onse..
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pages: 109   size: 153KB    md5: 307f9fe36594ff683bfca0f79ab944d0    
Acute Appendicitis Dr Ibrahim Bashayreh
.. and predictive value is 50% C-Reactive Protien CRP (independent surgical indication marker for appendicitis) and ESR have been studied with mixed results UA: abnormal UA results are found in 19-4..
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pages: 29   size: 371KB    md5: bb7a7310f58874b1fcbca27dfcf3ab7c    
Acute Abdomen: Challenge to Surgeons & Physicians
.. indicates involvement of Parietal Peritoneum Per Rectal Examination: - tenderness - induration - mass (Blumer's shelf) - frank blood Per Vaginal Examination - Bleeding - Discharge - Cervical moti..
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pages: 52   size: 616KB    md5: 53712ebc7b69e33540453751abc111a6    
Imaging in Acute Torticollis
.. PA, Montesano PX. Morphology and treatment of occipital condyle fractures. Spine 1988; 13:731-6. Ballock RT, Song KM. The prevalence of nonmuscular causes of torticollis in children. J Pediatr Or..
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pages: 41   size: 630KB    md5: cb56498d9429283998a21ec877f73671    
PANCREATITIS: Pancreatitis is an inflammatory process
.. treat - prednisolone or immunosuppressives. Splenic vein thrombosis Prognosis-acute Pancreatitis Mild edematous pancreatitis occurs in about 80% cases, and the mortality rate is below 1%. Severe ..
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pages: 54   size: 735KB    md5: 845eccd9e1cef498613f13c7d818f1a5